Comparing computational and non-computational methods in party position estimation: Finland, 2003–2019

We find that estimating party positions with computational methods (wordscores and wordfish) for Finnish parties 2003-2019 prove to be insufficient in comparison to traditional methods such as expert surveys, the Manifesto Project and voter estimates.

Polarisoituuko politiikka Suomessa? Puolueiden äänestäjäkuntien arvosiirtymät 2003–2019

We find no mass polarization among the Finnish electorate. However, some movement to the extreme ideological positions is observed in 2019.

The Finnish Voter: 2003–2019